Intel Corporation Technology Development Engineer
University of Utah Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.)
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How did you get to where you are today? What is your story? What incidents and experiences shaped your career path?

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
Hey, thanks for giving me this opportunity. It's always good to share hand talk to Piers and students. Yeah, just to, uh, talk about myself here as far as the story. I mean, I'm an engineer by profession, on my, like, the engineering field in quite passionate, about working as an engineer. And my specialization has been semiconductors primarily manufacturing semiconductors. So work for companies like, you know, a lot of micron to make the semiconductor chips. How did it all start? I've been around engineers since my childhood. My dad was an engineer. His brother was an engineer, and people around them were all engineers. So kind of natural inclination towards engineering. Um, and I grew up in a in a township which used to make, uh, zinc. Basically, that's where my dad just work as a mechanical engineer in a factory that makes zinc extract zinc from its or so kind of fascinated by it. And then my uncle he was a geologist, so, and of both fascinated, but, uh, you know, the minerals and the way it extracts heavy machinery in the factories. Always waas overwhelming to see those always was very interested in knowing more about the design on on then. Uh, that's why I kind of drove towards mythological engineering. That's my specialization in engineering. Uh, was came out natural to me. Uh, then well, then, uh, shock partners Still planned for a year for a contractor doing some contracting jobs, Really? Right in front of blasphemous and, you know, doing the maintenance work, checking out the hot metal coming out off classroom. That was all fascinating. And it was really exciting. However, uh, didn't think I would be spending the rest of my life front off a firmness and, uh, maintaining it would rather be more into design and optimization. That's when I started to explore Onda. Uh, United States, of course, has excellent master's programs. PhD programs, obviously and, yes, are looking for opportunities here to get into grad school. Um, one of the things was standard. Score the stranded piss. Try and get your standard has cleared out. Start looking for some kind off. You know, Jesus adviser who can help you out. So, on the open university, it's in Alabama, off the place where I landed to get my masters in material science. And then that's when kind of opened my eyes more towards electron, ICS and semiconductors. Mhm thought. Maybe I need to get more understanding off whole quantum mechanics and how things work. I'll movinto getting, uh, getting another masters in physics after that. Such a working for a company called Micro. It's an flash Technologies is a joint to interpret intel and Micron. And then it was fun. Uh, first time working in a really manufacturing environment with heavy semiconductor manufacturing tools. That's what they are referred us and those bunny suits. It was exciting. Uh, and then, yeah, slowly stepped out engineering lard, uh, trying to, uh, you know, be as inquisitive as one can be. Try and understand. Keep questioning why? It has to be the way. On what? The technical ladder. Uh, And then once the collaboration was about to end, I moved to Intel. We're still making the same product. Uh, but this is more technology development mawr and do research and development. Uh, so tractors would be the place where I would really find, uh, opportunities to do study on right. Lot more off the processes are So that's where I am right now. Yeah. I mean, as far as incidents and experiences kind of briefly touched on this Yes,

What responsibilities and decisions does one handle in a job like yours? Tell us about weekly work hours, including the time spent on work travel and working from home.

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
typically decisions, Uh, are you know, uh, the twofold one. Purely technical, Which is when things doesn't work out as you thought they would. Um, and the other one is more of a program management decisions. So these are the cold hand in hand. It's not one excluded. One is exclusive together. Eso like like any any, uh, place or any workplace. You have your project deadlines? Well, being a on engineer have initiating delivery that I need to make eso at the same time have stakeholders who I need to be, uh, working good on. You know, managing my valuables. Uh, so the technology decisions are a lot more. You know, their fall in your comfortable, Because it's what you've seen with you grown with what you studied. Uh, and mostly technology. Most of the experimental parameters. Um, they tell you, you know what is right? What is wrong? Eso those decisions? They come along every day on board. You need thio. One is line sustaining, so we run a certain amount off. Uh, product makes it on amount of product, which is already developed. So we have to sustain that. Any defects or you know, anything that would need reworks how we need to be taken care of those at the same time, we need to be looking at a couple of generations ahead to develop a new product, so that would require a different set off decisions. Uh, sustaining is, you know, pretty standard, you know? Okay, just went wrong. Things can be fixed by doing this. Development is where you need to be. A lot more. Oh, looking deeper, trying to understand. You know what can be done to improve it. Oh, are you know why they did not turn the way you expected it to be? Eso requires a little bit more thorough thinking and learn more interaction with different sets off teams. Um, in addition to the centering decisions, you'll be making management decisions. You know, time management resource management, which are a little bit more involved, which requires a lot more soft skills which requires that would have been communication skills, making sure that you're communicating as clearly as possible and as concisely as possible. Uh, get your point across attention to that. I mean, if you need to go negotiate for resource is negotiate for, you know, fixed within deadlines are, uh put your, uh, so pretty cola recommendations if you need to go get some capital to support your experiments or support your new process. So these total seller skills are all your communication skills. Uh, so yeah. So if you had a way out, I would say a lot more inclined. Like 50 to 60%. You're more towards project management, Onda. About 40%. You would be dio taking engineering decisions, and the work hours depends. Uh, currently, the range around about 60 hours is, uh, typical. Uh, and if you have a product launch, that Z that needs to be piloted would expect another few more hours adding to it. Wow. So it all depends, But across along the year, uh, allergy diary comes around only 2 to 60 hopes.

What tools (software programs, frameworks, models, algorithms, languages) are typically used in a role like yours?

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
eso uh, we do lots off analysis for most of our data analysis, uh, in walls. Could be any engineering program can be used to use to describe package Could be used like open source are alright if you want. Oh, uh, by a licensed software job, Another program Excel. Um, right on. And as far as algorithms, those are totally batch wearing different set off team, different team. Uh, there's a whole data science group that develops stairs on, uh, what are the scripting and all the work has done in? Uh, uh huh. Eitan are? Yeah, and the scripting language can be used for that. Um, I get algorithm wise. I don't have much visible to intuit that most often it's proprietary. I don't think I'll be I will do No. What's in their hands shared that information. But programs are pretty standard off the shelf programs every any open source. If you're good, you can start using it to

What are the challenges in a job like yours? What approaches are effective in dealing with these challenges? Discussing examples will help students learn better.

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
typical challenges are no. Uh uh, like the deadlines. Right. And in a technology development organization, you're always, um you're all this up against unknowns. That's what you're facing, right? Uh, then when you try and design an experiment, your results were not be as would not tell you the story that you're looking for. Uh, they would be masked. Have any guard appeal a couple of layers to really understand what's what's your experimental results are telling you, Um, that's That's one of the key challenges. And there is quite easily that you can fall into traps based on, you know, initial conclusions. Uh, statistics place, major role. But at the same time, we don't have enough sample to derive statistical influences. So there is a balance off how you could, you know, make a sensible decision, uh, with a minimal amount of resources. So that's the big challenge on then. You're always against some timeline. Uh, it's not just, uh, one person. It's all I was working in teams. All was, you know, making sure that your deadlines are welcome uniquely educated, and everyone's on the same page, right? So basically ruined, bought into You're your ankle. So that's that's something on the paper. It looks very simple, but everyone's got their own and goals on making kind of been saying the other teams other resource is to, you know, work towards Yoko is another big challenge that you come across. Uh, yeah. So you have one, typically, I mean the most. Uh, I think it was common challenge, which I see a lot of people, including myself on board, which is always a learning process for, you know, the most senior, most management. But, uh uh, personal and technical leaders is basically, uh, you know, trying to understand what's within the results. Something that jumps sort off. The result is pretty the first thing that catches the eye on, take a decision, make a decision that could turn into a costly mistake. Yeah, it's but thorough analysis is not performed because I just gave you the result that you expected eso You're very, uh sure about it. That that's the right result. You would immediately, because that's precisely worth excrement. Is telling you what you just thought would happen. So have you looked for all the He didn't? Uh huh. Uh huh. Interactions before making the your final decision. So that's where it's a big challenge. And the other one that I was telling you is, you know, making sure that your teams always with you there on the same page.

What are the job titles of people who someone in your role routinely works with, within and outside of the organization? What approaches are effective in working with them?

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
typically the job titles and the technical leadership goes, as you know, starts off with the junior engineer, uh, then a senior engineer, staff engineer or a senior staff engineer. Then certain, uh, we're always going to, like principal engineer aan den, a senior member of technical staff, distinguished member, um, and then my fellow fellows, the highest role, uh, technical relation, uh, in the manageable. Proud to goes into, um What he called, uh, managers, senior managers, directors. A typical waste questions Senior vice president. So my role I'm more interact more interact with senior journos. Principal India's junior engineers. Obviously on then, uh, managers, department managers. And but in truth, uh, within the organization on that, technicians, um, on then, yeah, way worked with lots of vendors coming from different companies. Um, yeah. And there will be, you know, salespeople marketing, uh, their technologies. So that and then, Yeah, probably. There. Uh huh. Yeah, I think that's probably the people. I think, uh, common

What indicators are used to track performance in a job like yours? Think of the indicators such as key performance indicators (KPIs), objectives & key results (OKRs), or so on.

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
so friendly again. Projects are, you know, gauged by your, uh, success criteria. So every project has a substance criteria on those Those are set up up front. Right? So what we, uh, typically use are, you know, oh, what's the current state and what's going to be a future state? And, uh, is your project getting you to the your future state? Along the way, each project we kind of customize. What? What would be the, um, Campion for those, um, in general, typical process control. Uh, KPs are pretty standard. What? What we call statistical process control. Typical, uh, indicators associated with statistical process control. Like your since your stand alleviation. Um, so these are what gave your process, whether how much we're on target. How much were off target? Uh, and that these are the two. Like, how have your have your delivering to your end goal? Uh, those are kind of customized. Some could be, you know, cost saving projects. Some could be efficiency implement projects. Those have their own indicators. That's why this process capability virus. You're mean. And your standard deviation, which is standards, Spc uh, industry standard. Uh, uh huh. What we call the charts. Mitigators will be used for, you know, making sure that you hey, processes running as it's designed to.

What things do you like about your job? Were there any pleasant surprises?

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
the challenges has they're still challenges. E can challenge you. Still, those air always. You know something that, uh, makes me to go to work every day, right? Or else it's pretty more on us set, you know, sit at desk and just do the same thing every day. It doesn't really motivate you to do anything better. So and when those challenges are, you know are well understood and you come up with a possible solution that that helps you work on the challenge challenge. And when you really overcome those are kind of turning to pleasant surprises. No matter how much confidence you are in your here, uh, experimental result. Unless you see that turn into something sustainable, you won't be able to, you know, uh, it's so it's you won't be able to call that the challenges has been clearly. It's always a challenge until you see that it turned into a sustainable product. Right? So that's when you see good. You feel surprised us when you feel happy is that there is a problem that you saw. There's a problem that you have solved. Uh uh on Do you know you brought in resources together trying to defend the problem. All right, on helps all wait so that that's when it turns into a good surprise.

What skills and qualities does your team look for while hiring? What kind of questions does your team typically ask from candidates?

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
uh, the skills. I mean, most of them are technical jobs. Right? So be, uh, looking at, uh, basically, you know, technical understanding of the off the field here, in this case, semiconductor manufacturing. Um, what we I mean, if you are seeking new college grads, right, The key understanding what we need is, uh, you know, do they understand economics? Do they understand what they learned? It was just, uh, a degree that they achieved, or they're really passionate about getting that degree. Right. Uh, so that's important. I mean, that's the only way we could gauge how how well they would perform. And they come on one side toe, start doing their job and have a family. The passion. I mean, if they did there on the ground or they graduate students with passion, we would expect them to be continued the same passion in their work. Uh, so that's very important. So probably we try and understand how well they were able to get all the concepts in the field of study. Andi. Then the other one is, you know, uh, conflicts. How could they are in resolving conflicts? How could they are working as a team uh, new college grants, obviously. How quickly can they learn new things? And then, uh, yeah, these are probably the seller skills on the questions. Questions are around the same. I mean, if you're applying for a the semiconductor engineer rule, we expect you to you know, all the basics were very good. Strong understanding of all the basics and added bonus is you know, if you're up to speed on what industry is doing, you know what's what's latest with, you know, companies like Intel Lower? Uh, Samsung or PSM CEO right in your field, The job you're applying or what's the industry like? Uh, wait, it is heading. What's the road map of the industry for thes are you know, something will add definitely value to your your question, your answers. Uh, they're any good. Any good examples that back their resume? All right. And, you know, if they put a software skills like a mat lab a good project to support it uh, what did you do? I mean, adding a skill set. Mettler really doesn't tell us much. So a good example. Good project to back it up, uh, would really help the hiring process. Examples. Real life situation, use cases. There's other things that really get good, visible, different, entire hiring process

What helped you to stand out in your hiring process? How should someone prepare for an interview for a job like yours?

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
So when I got hired, you should after my graduate school and the biggest thing that really stood out Waas How I saw, you know, sold in my grad school graduate pieces. Uh, it was, uh the telephone interview was primarily trying to understand, uh, trying toe was trying to gauge my understanding of the the job role on, you know, uh, the semiconductor industry in general Thea outside was more tryingto gauge. You know, all the things that I've mentioned, it was like if I had experience working with, you know, any technicians and during the guy jet work. If I had any experience with resolving any conflicts that arose, do I have any good engineering solution for a problem that I face? Uh, so, Aziz, your doing your graduate work make sure that you you sparked these situations. Uh, right. And, uh, make sure that you are able to you start as your s sale, but that helps you understanding in your interview. Uh, and then, uh, yeah, on it was way back where we had toe when I just took the handouts off my presentation. I mean, there was no projector. Thio present my interview, so present representations affront. I met. I just thought maybe it would be a good idea just to have a print out off handouts and just been tricked them out. I took a dem Harry retort to the into your panel. So and, uh, you know, they had it for difference so that they could look back. Uh, yeah. I mean, the thing is, if you are playing for injuring, draw, uh, having a really good examples off engineering solution that, you know, you came up or you executed Mhm, you know, be your own emotional idea, but something that solve the problem is more important.

Can you discuss career accomplishment(s) that you feel good about? Please discuss the problem context, your solution, and the impact you made.

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
I think the two accomplishments that come up is one Oh, when my first job rule, Um, it was starting up.

What is a future career path for professionals in your role? How long does it typically take to advance through various roles? How easy are such promotions to come by?

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
Yeah, future career. But it's like I was, uh, telling you, man, there were 22 paths that you could lead, uh, killing into the technology leadership. Where is good? Be, uh uh, Climbed the ladder off. Principal engineer and then senior principal engineer. Distinguish member eso These, uh, in the technical leadership, uh, feel would like to be more of our peoples manager. Could movinto manager controls such as, uh, directors, you know, senior vice Christians, so

How did the school prepare you for your career? Think about faculty, resources, alumni, exposure & networking. What were the best parts in each of your college programs?

Based on experience at: Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.), University of Utah
Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
This is probably, uh let's start with them being, um n b. I would rate as one of the best degrees. Uh, it's an expensive degree. And that's work. The money you spend, um, getting a every year from a good university. Is this? Yeah. What a word. Your money and time spent. Um, the reason I say that is it's the thing that you see it every day. Uh, beat your workplace, Uh, beat your, you know, your whole any place where you go. You can relate what you're learning in. Yeah, uh, you're doing your taxes. Maybe accounting will help. You're trying to, you know, uh, do some kind off the u N D I Y work. Your finance will help. You're trying to manage your team. Uh, the organization class will help every everything. What you learn is a direct application to what you do be that work with at home. Oh, are you know, uh, even a good parent, it's a It's one of the good degrees. That's what it It's expensive, unfortunately, but you can get quality teachers or professors and issue you pay the money. Um, and I think the two key, uh, classes that really stood out was economics on me coming from any Jane background. This is fairly, you know, fairly not knowledgeable in economic. So economics was one good class that stood out and then, uh, optimization, You know, Max maximizing the efficiency. That's very close to my work. Supposed to. We're definitely stood out on Ben. You will have several other classes, electives that you will be taking, uh, to finish your to get your degree in order. Those some of them again, Depending on the professors, you can start networking. There's one class that really help to see all the great entrepreneurs. They come and talk in the classes. Every class does that class. You know, if you're really keen on, uh, building the network on, start your own business, Uh, because it can help you out with that. Um, yeah. I mean, think if you have the time and if you have the money on passion, obviously I think it's a good degree toe. Go get it.

What three life lessons have you learned over your career? Please discuss the stories behind these lessons, if possible. Stories could be yours or observed.

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
think of the first one is, um, be, you know, as clear as possible when you communicate. There were several instances where I mechanism shin that the other person knows what I'm talking about. Uh, this is pretty common e No, this is the lesson that I learned, but I don't know cancer that I mastered it. Still in working process still tryingto get better at it. Uh, so So that's something that continuously have to work on. It's just assumption that my wife understands what I'm thinking. It's an assumption that I stole my kids yesterday, so I know that they will follow it today. It's an assumption that whatever is email I sent to my boss, he understood it. So I mean, these turned very, you know, simple things, but they just make your life really complicated. Uh, and, uh, yeah, any time you're communicating, uh, just be as clear on e over communication and thinks the solution, which is where which definitely lack well, try to be as concise in that process, I tend to miss out on the key information, which I think which I assume that that it wasn't Garnett, but no. So that's one Big one on, then The second one is Uh huh. You know, uh, always, you know, I'll always be true to your son. Frayed, Uh, one of the things I mean, uh, the MBA, like I was saying, was a great degree. And if you're really passionate about it, uh, you could specifically that you need to do right. Um so in my case, I did that because opportunity came across along to me. I mean, I was getting, uh you know, uh, so my company was being certain amount off for that program. So the amount of fee for the program Hello? And I just took it. Since the operating opportunity existed, I just jumped on the program for that. I mean, then I start to realize that how much sacrifice of that To put it just to make them work. Uh, and in that process, waas family time that I had to sacrifice That was like my kids were young. I had to stay away from them. Right? So always Yeah. I mean, do it. Those thanks. Especially That requires commitment. Only if you're passionate. Um, yes, I've been opportunity doesn't come all the time. But you will have toe, You know where your options? Uh, really? Well, I mean, what's at the time when you really had a newborn? You are looking to, uh, you know, settle down. Is that the time you wanted to do it or got the timing of skin? Uh, yeah. I think that's where the two other big things that I can think off and continues working process? Yeah. Try now. I can identify them. I identify what went wrong, but I can say that I won't be doing the same district again.

What starting job and internships would you recommend to students who hope to grow professionally like you? What other parting advice, dos, and don'ts would you give?

Summarized By: Jeff Musk on Mon Sep 14 2020
Obviously they will. In this field, in semiconductor manufacturing, the the try and start typically start off as a junior engineers or engineers, depending whether they have matters or monsters. Uh huh. And this is a really good opportunity. I mean, it doesn't matter. Uh, you know, whether what your video standing. So start off in any innocently connector of manufacturing company, Uh, and then you get to know what's happening in real world. Uh huh. Once they see what's going on real world because it's huge, uh, industry on several things that happened. So what happens is, uh, get into the rial industry levels, trying to figure out what what works best for them and based on that, they can plan their career. Um, the dues are always trying seek answers. Uh, I mean, information nowadays is so really available. So there is, uh, you know, the whole text books that are online. Nowadays, everything is at your fingertips, so there is no excuse to not seek an answer. So he keeps seeking answers. If you don't understand. There is some person out there who, uh, who understands it better than we do. So we seek out, reach out to them. Don't hesitate. Uh, yeah. Don't. Seals. Basically, uh, you know, don't assume the other person understands what you are asking in this case because, uh, you know, on and someone who you are asking the question has always has started in the same position as you were. Uh, so, yeah, I just don't be scared. Or don't be shy or don't hesitate to approach them. If you think you're you need to learn from someone. Just go take time and learn from them. Uh, in written, uh, see if you can help out the other engineers or people around you, um was going toe starting and who's seeking answers? So it's just a give and take continuous process. Uh, ask questions. Learn on share it. Uh, but people who don't know that's that's how the community grows. So okay,